Mifeprex, which is a brand of mifepristone, was approved by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) back in the year 2000. When Mifeprex is taken in sequence with another medication, misoprostol, it will safely and effectively end an early pregnancy. This combination of medications is a non-surgical approach to terminating a pregnancy, also referred to as a medical abortion. According to the FDA, medical abortions are an option for pregnancy termination for women up to 10 weeks from the first day of her last period.
What is the process of a medical abortion?
To initialize the process of a medical abortion, a woman will take the provided dosage of Mifeprex orally within a medical facility, such as a women’s health clinic or physician’s office. This will detach the embryo from the uterine wall. In some instances, the patient is then able to go home, where she will be prescribed a dosage of misoprostol, which is to be taken orally within 24 to 48 hours. This will diffuse the embryo. In other instances, the misoprostol distribution will take place at a medical center. This is case-by-case and facility-by-facility, but the FDA recommends either option. Within one to two weeks the patient will return to her clinic or facility for a follow-up examination.
Medical abortions do not require any anesthesia, and are considered a non-invasive procedure. They are 95% effective, and have a less than 1% chance of causing any serious side effects in women who choose to have them. Side effects in very rare cases can include bacteria infection, although there is no established evidence that this is a direct result of the pill. There are other procedure options for first-trimester abortions, including a manual vacuum aspiration (MVA), which uses a suction procedure to remove what is inside of the uterus, and can be performed as early as three weeks since the last period. Another procedure option is a dilation and curettage (D&C), which is a surgical procedure where the cervix is dilated prior to the uterus being emptied. This can be performed up to 16 weeks from the last menstrual period.