In addition to offering HPV and HIV testing, our Smithtown office also offers STD testing for other infections. The most common of these are chlamydia and gonorrhea, but less common STDs are trichomoniasis, syphilis, and hepatitis B or C. Some of these are culture tests, while others are blood tests. We offer testing for all of these infections. If any of these tests are positive, the doctor will discuss appropriate treatment options.
The General STD Symptoms for Women:
- Feeling of burning or discomfort when urinating
- Vaginal discharge
- Abdominal pain
- Abnormal itching
- Blisters or Open sores
- Swollen Glands
General STD Symptoms
Having oral, anal or vaginal sex can put you at risk for getting a sexually transmitted disease (STD), or sexually transmitted infection (STI). Although condoms can help protect you from contracting or transmitting certain STD’s or STI’s, the chance of getting infected is always possible. Not all STIs have blatantly obvious symptoms, in fact, some people may be infected and never have any signs; however just because you don’t experience symptoms does not mean transmission to sexual partners is not possible.
If you are currently experiencing any symptoms, have been practicing unsafe sex, or been with multiple partners, we highly suggest you receive routine STD testing. Getting routine STD testing helps you take control of your health, and in the case of infection, helps avoid spreading it to other partners.
When to Get Tested
If you have had sex without using a condom, dental dam or other type of barrier, getting tested is a good idea that will help you take care of your health, and put your mind at ease. If you’re experience any common symptoms such as unusual discharge, burning while urinating, sores or bumps on the genitals it is important to schedule an appointment right away.
The right time for STD testing varies by the person, and the incubation period of the specific infection or disease. The timeframe for when you should get tested also depends on whether you’re experiencing symptoms, the time of your last sexual activity, and individual risk factors of your sexual partners. Many STDs can take a few weeks to show a positive result, unless you have noticed symptoms we recommend waiting at least 2 weeks after participating in a sexual encounter.
About STDs & STIs
Here we list several STDs and STIs that people often inquire about. If you need more information, please contact the doctor today. Our STD testing includes these and all others. We provide both culture and blood testing in our Smithtown office.
Human papillomavirus is an infection that has more than 100 types of strains; of those strains, 40 can be sexually transmitted by infecting the skin and mucous membranes. There are over 40 types of HPV strains that can infect genital areas such as the penis, vulva, and anus. The linings of the vagina, cervix and rectum can also become infected by this virus.
HPV is spread through genital contact with a person who has been infected with the virus. Transmission occurs most commonly through vaginal, anal or oral sex. HPV is one of the most common STIs, and the majority of people infected never show symptoms.
Most people infected with HPV will show no symptoms, but there are certain types of HPV that cause genital warts for both men and women. There are also specific types of HPV that can cause cancers however, the types that can cause cancer differ from the types causing warts.
There is no way to test for HPV in men. For women a Pap test can screen for abnormal cells on your cervix that could possibly turn to cancer in the future. At Stony Brook Women’s Health, we offer Pap screening as a routine testing for all women over 30 years old. There is no cure for HPV, but when treatment is needed, it will be focused around removing the warts.
HIV, or human immunodeficiency virus, is a virus that gradually attacks the immune system. If a person is infected by HIV, they find it harder to fight off infections and diseases. If left untreated, HIV can take around 10 or 15 years to develop into AIDS, which is when HIV has severely damaged the immune system. The most common way to become infected is to have anal or vaginal sex with someone infected, or by using infected needles or syringes.
After a few weeks of becoming infected with HIV, symptoms such as sore throat, fever, and fatigue may occur. Other symptoms include loss of appetite, night sweats and nausea. Although there is no cure for AIDS, there are antiretroviral regimens which will slow down the diseases progress, and help keep your immune system strong.
We offer blood testing to check for presence of the HIV virus. If you tested positive we can discuss treatment options; if testing negative we can help provide education to keep you that way.
Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted bacterial infection, it is caused by the bacterium called Neisseria gonorrhoeae which can infect the genital tract, mouth and retum. Gonorrhea is spread through unprotected vaginal, anal or oral sex. If a mother is infected, it is possible to be spread during pregnancy, labor, or while nursing the child.
The most common symptoms for Gonorrhea include pain when urinating and uncommon discharge. For women gonorrhea can be easily mistaken for a vaginal infection, however most will not experience any symptoms at all. A rectal infection may also include discharge, anal itching, painful bowel movements, or no symptoms at all.
The most common treatment for Gonorrhea is antibiotics, specifically ceftriaxone, azithromycin, and doxycycline.
Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease most commonly found among women. Trichomoniasis is caused by a parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis which can cause women to experience vaginal infections. This is one of the most common curable STDs, and is typically spread from sexual intercourse through penis to vagina. Women can become infected with Trichomoniasis from having intercourse with a man or woman, or woman and woman, however most men acquire the disease from infected women.
Symptoms of Trichomoniasis include a yellowish-green vaginal discharge, accompanied by an unpleasant odor. Other symptoms of this infection include pain while urinating, itching/irritation near the vaginal area. Trichomoniasis symptoms typically appear within 5 to 30 days of being exposed.
Trichomoniasis is most commonly treated with a single dose of either metronidazole or tinidazole, which will rid your body of the parasite. Symptoms of this disease may disappear without treatment, however even if the symptoms disappear it’s possible to continue spreading the infection. We recommend not participating in sexual intecrouse until you have been treated with either of the prescription drugs previously mentioned above.